Verbs and its types

Verbs :

The word that completes the meaning of the sentence and it represents the action in the sentence is called verb.

Example :
➥ Neel doing study.
➥ Cow eats fodder.
➥ Swara reads the book
➥ Our team is won.

➤ In the above sentence "doing", "eats" "reads" and "won" are verbs.

More about Verb :
➪ Verb is one of parts of speech.
➪ Verb is necessary to complete the sentence.
➪ Verb is word which indicate an action in the sentence.
➪ Every verb gives idea of action, but some verb give idea of state, idea of being or idea of existence instead of action.

➽ Types of Verbs : There are six types of Verbs.
1] Finite Verbs
2] Non-Finite Verbs
3] Action Verbs
4] Linking Verbs
5] Auxiliary Verbs
6] Modal Verbs

➤ Let's see all types in detailed

1] Finite Verbs :

A verb that change its form according to changes of person and number of subject from the sentence is called 'Finite Verb'.
➪ A Finite verb has a tense.

Example :
➥ Rudra plays cricket.
➥ Harshal eats fruit.
➥ Vedanti does poetry.
➥ Vishal catches fish.

➤ In the above sentence "plays", "eats", "does" and "catches" are verbs.

2] Non-Finite Verbs :

A verb that does not change its form even the person and number of subject from the sentence is change, is called 'non-finite Verb'.
➪ Non-Finite verbs work as nouns, adjectives, adverbs rather than actual verb.
➪ They do not have any direct relation with the subject.

Example :
➥ Tanmayee speaks English very well.
➥ Harsh went Delhi to play.
➥ Harshali tried to run fast.
➥ Sara have broken the toys.

➤ In the above sentence "speaks", "to play" "tried" and "broken" are verbs.

3] Action Verbs :

A verb that indicates what the subject of the sentence is doing.

Action Verbs have two types :

A] Transitive verbs :

An action verb as the name suggests or tells you about an action that passes from the subject to object is called Transitive verb.

➪ They must have a direct object.

Example :
➥ Twisha ate an orange.
➥ Bhavi painted the bus.
➥ The birds built nest on the tree.
➥ Harshali is reading a book.

➤ In the above sentence "ate", "painted" "built" and "is reading" are verbs.

B] Intransitive verbs :

An action verb which does not pass over the action to an object is called Intransitive verb.

➪ They may be followed by adjective or adverb.
➪ They just expresses a state of being.

Example :
➥ Vidya danced gracefully.
➥ Put away your books.
➥ Amit is painting right now.
➥ Do your practice regularly.

➤ In the above sentence "danced", "put" "painting" and "do" are verbs.

Nouns : The name given to a people, objects, birds.... Read more...

4] Linking Verbs :

A verb which link the subject to a noun or adjective is called Linking verb.

➪ They do not tell about action perform in the sentence.
➪ They provide additional information about the subject.
➪ Linking verbs can called 'to be' verbs.

Example : is, am, are, was, were, will be, shall be etc.
➥ Asavari is my best friend.
➥ I am an innocent boy.
➥ There will be no school tomorrow.
➥ The rooms were very neat and clean.

➤ In the above sentence "is", "am" "will be" and "were" are verbs.

5] Auxiliary Verbs/ Helping Verbs :

A verb which is helps to the main verb in the sentence is called Auxiliary Verbs/ Helping Verbs.

Example :
➥ Rajesh is going to school.
➥ Bhavi and Swara can play together.
➥ Grishma should present for the exam.
➥ Harsh was calling his friend.

➤ In the above sentence "is", "can play" "should present" and "was" are verbs.

6] Modal Verbs :

A verb which is helps to the main verb to denote possibility, potentiality is called Modal Verbs.

➪ They are like helping verbs.

Example :
➥ He may want to meet you again.
➥ I would have tell you.
➥ She should call her.
➥ You must follow the rules.

➤ In the above sentence "may", "would" "should" and "must" are verbs.

Some basic forms of Verbs:

➥ The forms of verb changes to express the present, past and future :

Base form : Santosh eat mango in the home.
Infinitive : Ask him not to eat
Present : Santosh eats mango in the morning.
Past : Santosh ate mango in the morning.
Future : Santosh will eat mango in the morning.

मराठी  विशेषण Quiz


Let's check with this short quiz, what you understand.

➤ Choose the Correct types of Verb :

1) The children laughed at the joke.
Intransitive verb
Transitive verb
Action verb

2) Vidya and Arya can play.
Transitive verb
Auxiliary verb
Finite Verb

3) Ashish plays the trumpet.
Transitive verb
Infinite verb
Finite verb

4) They drive the car very fast.
Finite verb
Non-Finite verb
Intransitive verb

5) Vishal runs across the field.
Action verb
Transitive verb
Auxiliary verb

6) Devansh has many bats at home.
Finite verb
Infinite verb
Helping verb

7) My watch is new.
Intransitive verb
Transitive verb
Infinite verb

8) Harsh went Delhi to play.
Transitive verb
Non-Finite verb
Action verb

Your score is:

Correct answers:

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